Quick Answer: Why Is Archaeological Excavation Destructive?

What are the steps of an archaeological dig?

On This PageSelecting the Site.Conducting Research.Excavating the Site.Cleaning and Cataloguing Artifacts.Reporting the Results..

Why does it take archaeologists many years to excavate a site?

How long it takes to excavate an archaeological dig site all depends on how much cash a dig team has to get the job done. … In fact, to even begin most archaeological excavations, funding has to be in place. And the amount of money the project has in place typically determines the length of the dig, in most cases.

Why is Archaeology destructive?

Believe it or not archaeologists rarely excavate (dig) entire sites! Archaeology is a destructive science—meaning that once a site is excavated, it is gone forever. The artifacts and information gathered remain, but the site itself can never be recreated. Excavating sites is also costly and time-consuming.

Why is excavation destruction?

Excavation is destruction in the sense that when we remove the soil and its contents, we do so once and for all. Excavation is now often called ‘preservation by record’ because the idea is to ‘preserve’ as much data as possible by the most careful and meticulous recording before, during and after excavation.

Which archaeological technique is considered destructive?

An Open Area Excavation can be the most informative and destructive in equal measures. The technique involves stripping away all of the layers in reverse to how they were formed. So off comes the turf and topsoil first and then each layer, feature and structure until nothing but subsoil or bedrock remains.

What is the purpose of archaeological excavation?

Archaeological excavation is the procedure by which archaeologists define, retrieve, and record cultural and biological remains found in the ground. Past activities leave traces in the form of house foundations, graves, artifacts, bones, seeds, and numerous other traces indicative of human experience.

What is trench excavation?

A trench is a type of excavation or depression in the ground that is generally deeper than it is wide (as opposed to a wider gully, or ditch), and narrow compared with its length (as opposed to a simple hole). … Trenches have also often been dug for military defensive purposes.

How do you do Archaeology?

How to become an archaeologistGet a bachelor’s degree. The first step for aspiring archaeologists is to complete a bachelor’s program in anthropology or a related field such as history or geography. … Participate in an internship. … Earn a master’s degree. … Consider a doctorate degree. … Seek employment.

What happens on an archaeological dig?

An excavation site or “dig” is the area being studied. These locations range from one to several areas at a time during a project and can be conducted over a few weeks to several years. … During excavation, archaeologists often use stratigraphic excavation to remove phases of the site one layer at a time.

Why are excavations important?

Excavations can be classified, from the point of view of their purpose, as planned, rescue, or accidental. Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site.

What are the methods of excavation?

There are number of excavation methods which are used for deep foundation construction such as full open cut method, bracing excavation, anchored excavation, island excavation methods,zoned excavation, top down construction methods etc. These excavation techniques are discussed.

How are archaeological sites found?

They find various sites by visually observing objects on the surface of the earth that can explain anything related to understanding human life. For example, they have surface surveying which allows a group of people to walk over land and place flags anywhere they find an object.