Quick Answer: How Did Aristotle Think Virtue Could Be Acquired?

How does Aristotle think that virtue can be acquired?

Virtues and vices are acquired by habit Intellectual virtue comes from teaching, but moral virtue comes from habit.

This means that the two are acquired differently; intellectual virtue can be acquired by reading a book; moral virtue can be acquired only through practice..

How is a person formed according to Aristotle?

Aristotle claims that character develops over time as one acquires habits from parents and community, first through reward and punishment. … Aristotle claims that one is partly responsible for one’s character, but he thereby raises the question whether one freely chooses one’s character.

What are the moral virtues according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, the moral virtues include: courage, temperance, self-discipline, moderation, modesty, humility, generosity, friendliness, truthfulness, honesty, justice. The moral vices include: cowardice, self-indulgence, recklessness, wastefulness, greed, vanity, untruthfulness, dishonesty, injustice.

What notion should be at the heart of the ethical theory according to virtue ethics?

What notion should be at the heart of ethical theory, according to virtue ethics? Moral character. What is the relationship between duty and virtue, according to virtue ethics? Duty is defined as what a virtuous person would do..

What does Aristotle claim to be the highest human activity?

Aristotle identifies eudaimonia as the highest good (NE 1095a15-17), and so the principal focus becomes what human activity aims at or has its end in eudaimonia, that is, what activity is the highest or best activity.

How virtue is acquired?

We know that an agent has acquired a virtue when she habitually acts like a person of virtue would. When she carries out the action willingly and without seeking any reward as the pleasure she derives come from the act itself and not from some external treat or praise.

Can virtue be taught according to Plato?

In having Socrates answer his own question, Plato himself is answering Meno’s. If Socrates can teach Meno what virtue is, he can teach him virtue. But Socrates teaches (i.e., reminds) Meno that virtue is knowledge; virtue, therefore, can be taught.

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

Does Aristotle think virtue can be taught?

Moral Education Aristotle is quite clear that he does not think virtue can be taught in a classroom or by means of argument. … According to Aristotle, virtue is something learned through constant practice that begins at a young age.

What is the good life according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What is the highest virtue according to Aristotle?

PrudencePrudence, also known as practical wisdom, is the most important virtue for Aristotle.

What does the term ethics mean?

Ethics is two things. First, ethics refers to well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues. … Secondly, ethics refers to the study and development of one’s ethical standards.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What is Aristotle’s theory of virtue?

Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits. … These traits derive from natural internal tendencies, but need to be nurtured; however, once established, they will become stable.

How do we come to have moral knowledge according to natural law theory?

A truth that can be known only by using the senses. How do we come to have moral knowledge, according to natural law theory? By reflecting on the idea of morality. Moral knowledge is impossible, according to natural law theory.

What are the two kinds of virtue according to Aristotle?

Aristotle distinguishes two kinds of virtue (1103a1–10): those that pertain to the part of the soul that engages in reasoning (virtues of mind or intellect), and those that pertain to the part of the soul that cannot itself reason but is nonetheless capable of following reason (ethical virtues, virtues of character).